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National Captial Region

Capital Region, also National Capital Region, is a common term for the region or district surrounding the capital city a country or any other administrative division. It is not always the official term for the region, but may sometimes be used as an informal synonym. In India, The genesis of the National Capital Region lies in the recommendations of the first Master Plan for Delhi (MPD) notified in 1962 wherein, a broad area consisting of the Union Territory of Delhi and a few ring towns around it was conceived for being developed as a metropolitan region to reduce the population pressure on Delhi.

The unprecedented growth of population especially during the post independence years and the consequent haphazard developments had been putting severe pressures on the infrastructure of Delhi. Therefore, it was suggested through various planning exercises beginning from 1956, that serious consideration should be given for a planned decentralization to outer areas and even outside the Delhi Region. The Draft Master Plan for Delhi (1960) had reiterated this idea and the final Master Plan for Delhi (MPD-1962) for the perspective year 1981 recognized the need for planning Delhi in its regional context. The Master Plan had not only defined the composition of the National Capital Region but had also recommended the setting up of a Statutory National Capital Region Planning Board and development of the region in accordance with a Regional Plan.

Thus, time and again, the need was felt to plan Delhi in the regional context under a suitable legislation which would control and regulate the development in the areas falling in the Region. Finally, the Parliament enacted the Planning Board Act in 1985 with the concurrence of the constituent States of NCR Delhi, Haryana, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. The Schedule to the Act has defined the region consisting of NCR Delhi and parts of the adjoining States. The area covered under National Capital Region is as 33,578 square kilometers. ), it is one of world\'s largest urban agglomerations. State-wise area in NCR is as:

NCR Delhi : 1,482 square kilometers

Haryana : 13,413 square kilometers
Seven districts - Gurgaon, Rewari, Faridabad, Sonepat, Rohtak, Panipat and Jhajjhar

Uttar Pradesh : 10,853 square kilometers
Four districts - Ghaziabad, Bulandshahr, Meerut and Baghpat

Rajasthan : 7,829 square kilometers
One District Alwar

Within these districts, the Board has identified several priority towns all over the region for its growth and balanced development. In addition, in order to arrest the migratory population to the region, counter-magnet areas have also been identified for accelerated growth.

The Plan aims to promote growth and balanced development of the whole region through providing economic base in the identified major settlements (Metro Centres/Regional Centres) for absorbing economic development impulse of Delhi, efficient transport network, development of physical infrastructure, rational land use pattern, improved environment and quality of life. Zones of NCR are (1) NCR-Delhi covers an area of 1,483 km2; (2) Central Capital Region (CNCR) is about 2000 km2, it includes suburbs like Faridabad-Ballabhgarh complex, Gurgaon-Manesar complex, Bahadurgarh, Sonipat-Kundli complex, Ghaziabad-Loni complex and Noida-Greater Noida complex; (3) Highway Corridor Zone proposed with a minimum width of 500 meters on either side of ROW of National Highways. Approximate area is 300 sq. km (excluding controlled areas) and (4) Rest of NCR covers an area of 29,795 km2 approximately.

Fuelled by the ever-increasing demand for real estate and a steady growth in population, real estate in the National Capital Region (NCR) is feeling the heat, despite the rapid pace of property expansion witnessed by the area. Per industry insiders, there is demand for at least 7-8 million sq ft of residential, commercial and retail space in the NCR over the next 12 months from actual end-users.

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